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We, ABGSC IT Research, Simon Jönsson and Stefan Knutsson, analyst(s) with ABG Sundal Collier ASA , ABG Sundal Collier Denmark, filial af ABG Sundal Collier ASA, Norge, ABG Sundal Collier AB and/or ABG Sundal Collier Limited (hereinafter collectively referred to as “ABG Sundal Collier”), and the author(s) of this report, certify that not withstanding the existence of any such potential conflicts of interests referred to below, the views expressed in this report accurately reflect my/our personal view about the companies and securities covered in this report. I/We further certify that I/We has/have not been, nor am/are or will be, receiving direct or indirect compensation related to the specific recommendations or views contained in this report.
This report is produced by ABG Sundal Collier, which may cover companies either in accordance with legal requirements designed to promote the independence of investment research (“independent research”) or as commissioned research. Commissioned research is paid for by the subject company. As such, commissioned research is deemed to constitute an acceptable minor non-monetary benefit (i.e., not investment research) as defined in MiFID II.Analyst valuation methods
When setting the individual ratings for investment research (“independent research”), ABG Sundal Collier assumes that a normal total absolute return (including dividends) for the market is 8% per annum, or 4% on a 6-month basis. Therefore, when we rate a stock a BUY, we expect an absolute return of 9% or better over six months. Volatility and low trading volumes mean that we have a wider range for expected returns on small cap stocks than for large caps.
ABG Sundal Collier’s analysts publish price targets for independent research and may publish valuation ranges for commissioned research. These price targets or valuation ranges rely on various valuation methods. One of the most frequently used methods is the valuation of a company by calculation of that company’s discounted cash flow (DCF). Another valuation method is the analysis of a company’s return on capital employed relative to its cost of capital. Finally, the analysts may analyse various valuation multiples (e.g., the P/E multiples and the EV/EBITDA multiples) relative to global industry peers. In special cases, particularly for property companies and investment companies, the ratio of price to net asset value is considered. Price targets and valuation ranges are changed when earnings and cash flow forecasts are changed. They may also be changed when the underlying value of a company’s assets changes (in the cases of investment companies, real estate companies or insurance companies) or when factors impacting the required rate of return change.
ABGSC has no fixed schedule for updating its research reports. Unless expressly stated otherwise, ABGSC expects (but does not undertake) to issue updates when considered necessary by the research department, for example following the publication of new figures or forecasts by a company or in the event of any material news on a company or its industry.
The following disclosures relate to the relationship between ABG Sundal Collier and its affiliates and the companies covered by ABG Sundal Collier referred to in this research report.
Unless disclosed in this section, neither ABG Sundal Collier nor any of their affiliated or associated companies and their directors, officers, representatives, and employees have any required regulatory disclosures to make in relation to an ownership position for the analyst(s) and members of the analyst's household, ownership by ABG Sundal Collier and/or its affiliates, ownership in ABG Sundal Collier Holding ASA by the company(ies) to whom the recommendation(s) refer(s) to, liquidity provision/market making agreement, managed or co-managed public offerings, compensation for provision of certain services, directorship of the analyst, or a member of the analyst's household, or in relation to any contractual obligations to the issuance of this research report.ABG Sundal Collier is not aware of any other actual, material conflicts of interest of the analyst or ABG Sundal Collier of which the analyst knows or has reason to know at the time of the publication of this report.
This report has been prepared by ABG Sundal Collier ASA, ABG Sundal Collier Denmark, filial af ABG Sundal Collier ASA, Norge, ABG Sundal Collier AB and/or ABG Sundal Collier Limited and any of their directors, officers, representatives and employees (hereinafter collectively referred to as “ABG Sundal Collier”). This report is not a product of any other affiliated or associated companies of any of the above entities.
This report is provided solely for the information and use of professional investors, who are expected to make their own investment decisions without undue reliance on this report. The information contained herein does not apply to, and should not be relied upon by, retail clients. This report is for distribution only under such circumstances as may be permitted by applicable law. Research reports prepared by ABG Sundal Collier are for information purposes only. The recommendation(s) in this report is (are) has/have no regard to specific investment objectives and the financial situation or needs of any specific recipient. ABG Sundal Collier and/or its affiliates accepts no liability whatsoever for any losses arising from any use of this report or its contents. This report is not to be used or considered as an offer to sell, or a solicitation of an offer to buy. The information herein has been obtained from, and any opinions herein are based upon, sources believed reliable, but ABG Sundal Collier and/or its affiliates make no representation as to its accuracy or completeness and it should not be relied upon as such. All opinions and estimates herein reflect the judgment of ABG Sundal Collier on the date of this report and are subject to change without notice. Past performance is not indicative of future results.
The compensation of our research analysts is determined exclusively by research management and senior management, but not including investment banking management. Compensation is not based on specific investment banking revenues, however, it is determined from the profitability of the ABG Sundal Collier group, which includes earnings from investment banking operations and other business. Investors should assume that ABG Sundal Collier ASA, ABG Sundal Collier Denmark, filial af ABG Sundal Collier ASA, Norge and/or ABG Sundal Collier AB is seeking or will seek investment banking or other business relationships with the companies in this report.
The research analyst(s) responsible for the preparation of this report may interact with trading desk and sales personnel and other departments for the purpose of gathering, synthesizing and interpreting market information. From time to time, ABG Sundal Collier and/or its affiliates and any shareholders, directors, officers, or employees thereof may (I) have a position in, or otherwise be interested in, any securities directly or indirectly connected to the subject of this report, or (II) perform investment banking or other services for, or solicit investment banking or other services from, a company mentioned in this report. ABG Sundal Collier and/or its affiliates rely on information barriers to control the flow of information contained in one or more areas of ABG Sundal Collier, into other areas, units, groups or affiliates of ABG Sundal Collier.
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Additional information available upon request. If reference is made in this report to other companies and ABG Sundal Collier provides research coverage for those companies, details regarding disclosures may be found on our website www.abgsc.com.
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